Heinz Gärtner is academic director of the Austrian Institute for International Affairs (oiip) and senior scientist at the department of political science at the University of Vienna. He held a Fulbright Fellowship as well as the Visiting Austrian Chair at the “Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies” at Stanford University where he had further visiting fellowships. He was also visiting professor at the King’s College, London; Johns Hopkins Institute for East-West Security Studies, New York; University of Erlangen, Germany; St. Hugh’s College, Oxford; University of British Columbia; World Policy Institute, New York; University of New Haven. He lectures often at other American, European, and Asian universities and research institutes. Heinz Gärtner is “senior external expert of the RAND-Corporation Europe”. He chairs the advisory board “Strategy and Security” of the Science Commission of the Austrian Armed Forces. His research areas are among others European, international security, arms control, and International Relations Theory. Heinz Gärtner received the Bruno Kreisky (legendary former Austrian Chancellor) Award for most outstanding Political Books.